|CloserLook > Genesis > Genesis 24:11-51|
Listen to audio
No doubt the responsibility of finding a suitable bride for Isaac had lain heavily upon Abraham’s shoulders.
Under the circumstances, it seemed like an insurmountable problem.
He must find a godly and capable partner for his son.
This was important for more than one reason.
Not only would she inherit great riches, but, through her husband, she would inherit the blessings and responsibilities of the Abrahamic Covenant.
Clearly the daughters of the land, being raised in the idolatrous and worldly homes of the Canaanites, were not to be considered.
And even his own background was not that encouraging.
His father Terah had been an idol worshipper, and probably that was typical of most of his relatives.
However, they were his own people, and no doubt of a better moral calibre than the nations around him.
Also there was the hope that his own testimony to God's faithfulness had borne some fruit among them.
So after much prayer, Abraham called for his eldest servant, a man whom he trusted completely, and put this most important task into his hands.
Genesis 24:2-3 "And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of
his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my
The servant, being a perceptive man, immediately noticed that Isaac’s involvement in the plan was conspicuously missing.
How could his master expect a young lady to leave her family and country to marry a man she had never seen?
Yes, this arrangement could present a real problem.
V 5-9 "And
the servant said unto him, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow
me unto this land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the land from whence
There are some real similarities between God’s calling
of Abraham from
Both Abraham and Rebekah were required to leave their kindred and their home behind and travel to an unknown country.
In both cases, it required a tremendous step of faith.
So when Abraham’s servant suggested the expediency of
bringing Isaac back to
He assured him that the same God that had called him to
Canaan would call Isaac's bride to
V 7 "The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence."
So in the end, the success of this venture depended wholly upon God.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
In last week’s lesson, we began to see that the calling out of Rebekah by Abraham's servant closely pictured the Holy Spirit's work today.
Yes, in this Age of Grace, the Holy Spirit is responsible to call out a bride for Christ.
And the further we go into this chapter, the clearer this picture becomes.
When Abraham assured his servant that God would bless his mission, we see in his words an interesting blend of election and freewill.
V 7 "He shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.’
---"thou shalt take a wife"--that sounds as if Rebekah had no choice in the matter, and yet she did.
V 8 clearly says, "And if the woman will not be willing to follow thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath."
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
So having received his instructions, Abraham’s servant wasted no time in implementing his master's plan.
V 10 "And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; for all the goods of his master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor."
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Having traveled over 500 miles, and having followed Abraham's directions to the letter, he still found that the job was only half done.
And he could go no further without specific directions from God Himself.
Yes, it was time for prayer.
V 11-14 "And
he made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of water at the
time of the evening, even the time that women go out to draw water.
We can learn a lot from this man's prayer.
First of all, he did not make his request until he had lived up to the light he already had.
He had followed his master's directions faithfully, and in doing so had put himself in the place of blessing.
Actually this prayer would have been unnecessary and unacceptable had it been offered at Abraham's tent door.
And even in
He needed to meet the young ladies who lived there, so he "made his camels to kneel down without the city by a well of water at the time of the evening, even the time that women go out to draw water."
So, to the best of his ability, he made sure he was in the right place at the right time before he asked God's assistance.
Now that made a lot of sense, didn't it?
And, I don't think there is anything unspiritual about being practical.
Secondly, he was very specific, and again very practical in his prayer: "And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: let the same be she that thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac."
This was not just a request for a sign, although it certainly was that, but it was also a very practical test of the young lady’s character.
And also a request for a drink of water was about the only acceptable way that a strange man could make conversation with a young lady.
As a matter of fact, our Lord used this same technique to open up a conversation with a Samaritan woman many years later.
His situation was even more delicate than the one Abraham’s servant found himself in, for not only was Jesus a stranger, but He was a despised Jew as well.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
V 15-16 "And
it came to pass, before he had done speaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out,
who was born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother,
with her pitcher upon her shoulder.
V 15 tells us that "before he had done speaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out."
Isaiah 65:23 says--"before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear." And it was a good thing for the servant that the Lord answered quickly.
No doubt it would be common courtesy to give a thirsty traveller a drink of water, so the poor man would have been obliged to drink a lot of water had not the Lord answered his prayer quickly!
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
And also there was a very practical reason why Abraham’s servant didn't have to drink a gallon of water.
Rebekah was the first one to arrive because that was the way she did things.
I doubt that the young ladies of that day enjoyed this job very much.
Trudging all the way to the city well and carrying back a heavy jar of water couldn't have been too appealing.
It was a job that they would tend to put off as long as they could.
But that wasn't Rebekah’s style.
She was the first one to the well because she knew how to shoulder responsibility.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
In V 15, the Holy Spirit lets the reader in on a little secret, which, as yet, Abraham's servant knew nothing about.
Rebekah was a near relative.
However, at this point, the servant had no idea who this young lady was.
As far as he knew, she might not meet Abraham's requirement at all.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
And this was not the kind of the well that we might envision.
It wasn't a deep hole that you lowered a bucket into on the end of a rope.
No, it was an Eastern-style well with a series of steps leading down to a subterranean pool.
We see that indicated in V 16: "And she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up."
V 17-20 "And
the servant ran to meet her, and said, Let me, I pray thee, drink a little
water of thy pitcher.
Probably most of the young women would have been willing to given him a cup of water. It would be a common courtesy.
But not many would have been willing to run up and down those steps in order to supply his camels.
And certainly with 10 camels to manage, Abraham’s servant must have had other servants with him.
So most women would have said to themselves, It's not my job. Let his servants water the camels.
I'll loan them my jar, but they can do the work.
But that's not what Rebekah did.
She said, "I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have done drinking."
She didn't have to do that, but she looked at the tired servants and the thirsty camels, and she said "I will do it.”
Obviously this young lady was not lazy.
Anyone who would take on such a task would have to be industrious, kind to animals, and willing to go the second mile.
And it was no easy job either.
I'm told that a thirsty camel will drink 5 gallons of water, so 10 camels would have run Rebekah off her feet!
How many steps did she have to climb? How many pitchers of water did she have to carry to supply 10 camels?
We don't really know, but we can be sure that beauty wasn't her only virtue.
The book of Ephesians describes God as the One "that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think."
Certainly this was true of Rebekah.
Besides being beautiful, it was obvious that she was also very healthy.
And she was not a shirker, and she had a kind and generous spirit.
Yes, this was quite a girl!
But, in spite of this seeming answer to prayer, Abraham’s servant did not jump to conclusions.
V 21 says, "And the man wondering at her held his peace, to wit (or to learn) whether the LORD had made his journey prosperous or not."
There was no doubt that she would make someone a very good wife, but was she the right one for Isaac?
Did she satisfy Abraham’s requirement about being one of his kindred?
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
But kindred or not, she certainly deserved a reward for her labours, and Abraham's servant was very generous with her.
V 22 "And it came to pass, as the camels had done drinking, that the man took a golden earring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold." And then he asked the all-important question.
V 23-25 "And
said, Whose daughter art thou? tell me, I pray thee: is there room in thy father's house for us to lodge in?
Well, the last piece of the puzzle had been added.
Although Rebekah had not given him her name, I wouldn't be surprised if he had already guessed it.
After all, it hadn't been too many years since someone, perhaps from a passing caravan, had showed up at Abraham's door and updated him concerning his brother Nahor’s family.
Out of the eight sons that Milcah had born to Nahor, only one girl was mentioned.
She was the daughter of Milcah’s youngest son, Bethuel, and her name was Rebekah.
We find that in Genesis 22:23 "And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah did bear to Nahor, Abraham's brother."
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Actually, Rebekah was Isaac's second cousin.
Because Isaac had arrived very late in Abraham's life, his first cousins would old enough to be his aunts, but Rebekah, the granddaughter of Nahor, would probably be just the right age to be Isaac’s wife.
So, having heard that this young lady was Abraham's kindred, the servant was convinced that indeed God had answered his prayer.
V 26-27 "And the man bowed down his head, and worshipped the LORD.
Although he had generously thanked Rebekah for her labour, his real thanksgiving was directed toward God.
And if we look closely at his prayer, we will see that it illustrates the proper steps in determining God's will.
In V 27, the servant says, "I being in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren."
He had prayed earnestly that the Lord would lead him "to the house of my master's brethren."
But he had not prayed that prayer at Abraham's door.
No, he had followed his master's directions, which involved a 500 mile journey, before he prayed for further direction.
And that I believe is the significance of his words---"I being in the way, the LORD led me."
Psalm 37:23 says, "The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD."
But, you know, sometimes we don't follow His orders.
Sometimes our steps are ordered by our own desires.
So we must follow what is clearly revealed in the Word of God, and then the Lord will give us more light.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
No doubt the servant had prayed fervently, and probably audibly, so Rebekah couldn't help hearing Abraham's name mentioned.
Why, that is the uncle I have heard so much about! He was the one that left home many years ago at the express command of the God of all the earth.
V 28 "And the damsel ran, and told them of her mother's house these things."
And I don't think her story was about all the work she had done. No, it was all about Abraham, and, of course, Abraham's servant.
Rebekah had run home by herself, leaving the servant standing by the well.
That was probably the servant’s desire, for he was much too courteous to just show up at someone’s door without a special invitation.
And that invitation was not long in coming.
V 29-31 "And
Rebekah had a brother, and his name was Laban: and Laban ran out unto the man,
unto the well.
Laban was as excited as Rebekah!
However, I think the basis of his enthusiasm was not the same as his sister's.
When "he saw the earring and bracelets upon his sister's hands" he smelled money.
And certainly he showed his true colours in later years when Isaac's son Jacob came to his door.
We'll talk about that young man a little more as time goes on.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
However, despite Laban's personal motives, his greeting did seem to indicate an knowledge of Abraham's God--"Come in, thou blessed of the LORD."
However, although Rebekah was a true believer, her brother was one of those that Jesus later called tares among the wheat.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
V 32 "And the man came into the house: and he ungirded his camels, and gave straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet, and the men's feet that were with him."
Every hospitality was extended to Laban's guests.
But the servant, even after so long a journey, was not willing to take his ease just yet.
V 33 "And there was set meat before him to eat: but he said, I will not eat, until I have told mine errand. And he said, Speak on."
Apparently the servant's motto was Business before pleasure.
So, in spite of the fact that he and his men were tired and hungry, Abraham's business must come first.
Yes, his chief business was to act in the interests of Abraham's son.
And that is what the Holy Spirit is doing in this present Age of Grace.
He makes it His chief business to seek out and then provide for the bride of Christ.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
When they told Abraham’s servant to "Speak on," I'm sure they had no idea what they were letting themselves in for.
So as the household servants tried to keep the food warm, and everyone's stomachs began to growl, this servant talked on and on.
But the man was no idle talker. Every word he said was important, and calculated to produce a specific result.
V 34-41 "And
he said, I am Abraham's servant.
Like the Holy Spirit, this faithful servant needed to woo and to win a bride for an absentee bridegroom.
This was no small task, and the responsibility lay heavily upon his shoulders.
First of all, he casually mentioned that-- "the LORD hath blessed my master greatly; and he is become great: and he hath given him flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and menservants, and maidservants, and camels, and asses.”
He didn't attribute Abraham's great wealth to his business ability, but rather gave full credit to God.
And then he made it clear that "Sarah my master's wife bare a son to my master when she was old: and unto him hath he given all that he hath."
So it was quite apparent from the servant’s remarks that Rebekah would not be expected to marry an old man, nor would she be marrying a poor man.
Isaac had been born when his mother was very old, and would probably be just the right age for Rebekah.
And although it was obvious that he was a young man and a rich man, the servant gave no description of his physical appearance.
Was he handsome, or rather plain? Rebekah had no way of knowing.
In the Gospels, the Holy Spirit tells us what Jesus said and what He did, but He doesn't say anything about Jesus’ appearance.
In Isaiah 53:2, we are told that "he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him."
But, of course, that is only how man sees Him.
If you want to see Christ through the eyes of His bride,
you need only to turn to The Song Of Solomon 5:10-13: "My
beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Yes, the servant's testimony assured Rebekah that Isaac was rich.
The golden earring and the two bracelets were tangible proof of that, but for everything else, she must view him with the eye of faith.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Well, the food was now getting overcooked, but by this time, no one seemed to mind.
You see, by now, the servant’s story had become very personal.
Why, he was talking about their family, and their daughter Rebekah!
V 42-48 "And
I came this day unto the well, and said, O LORD God of my master Abraham, if now
thou do prosper my way which I go;
At the beginning, the servant’s account had been about Abraham's plans, but now it was evident that it was God that had directed every step of his journey.
Yes, it was God's plan, and it included their daughter.
And it was time for a decision.
V 49 "And now if ye will deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me: and if not, tell me; that I may turn to the right hand, or to the left."
Nothing more was to be added.
They must make their decision now, a decision that would be based exclusively on the servant's testimony.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
V 50-51 "Then
Laban and Bethuel answered and said, The thing
proceedeth from the LORD: we cannot speak unto thee bad or good.
Well, as far as the servant was concerned, it was mission accomplished.
All he had to do now was distribute his master's gifts.
But we will have to wait until next week to read about that joyous event, and what would follow it.
Yes, things will move quickly in our next lesson, for Abraham’s servant was a man of action!
Home | Bio | Site
Map | Genesis | John | Romans | Ephesian | Hebrews | Misc |
; Phone: 1-226-240-5485